Chabad-Lubavitch is a Jewish movement that began over 250 years ago in Eastern Europe. The movement is rooted in the Chassidic movement of the 18th century and grew from the teachings of the founder of Chassidut, the Baal Shem Tov who was known for his boundless love for every Jew. With much personal sacrifice, the Chabad leaders, or Rebbes, fought for the survival of Jewish life under the oppressive communist government.
Lubavitch is the name of the town in Russia where the movement was based. After the Holocaust, Chabad headquarters were moved to Crown Heights in Brooklyn, New York and were run out of the famous building—widely referred to just as “770”— located at 770 Eastern Parkway. Under the leadership of the final Rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Chabad expanded to become a global presence.
According to Chabad.org, “The word Chabad is a Hebrew acronym for the three intellectual faculties of chochmah—wisdom, binah—comprehension and da’at—knowledge.” Chabad’s philosophy and approach, which is based on the teachings of Chassidut, reveal the inner dimensions of the Torah and “teaches understanding and recognition of the Creator, the role and purpose of creation, and the importance and unique mission of each creature.”
Today, over 3,000 Chabad centers are operating in more than 65 countries, with new centers constantly opening. In many places around the world, Chabad is the most active, and sometimes the only source of Judaism for the Jews who live or visit these communities. Discover more about Israel history, jewish history and Jerusalem history.